Bankruptcy law comes from the U.S. Constitution which authorizes Congress to enact laws which are called the Bankruptcy Code.
Utah Bankruptcies are handled by the Federal Court System in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Utah. Although bankruptcies are filed in United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Utah, the court applies Utah state law to determine property exemptions. Thus, bankruptcy laws vary depending on the state in which the case is filed.
Whether or not you can use Utah state exemptions depends on the length of time in which one lives in Utah prior to filing. This is discussed in greater detail at "Can I file with Utah Exemptions?" Understanding whether one qualifies to use the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Utah with Utah exemptions are questions best determined with the help of a Utah Bankruptcy Attorney.